TOP Mountain ranges in India

Himani SharmaOct 2 . 9 min read


The mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country. The magical mountains of India denoted as the abodes of the goods are famous with tourists due to the fresh air, religious significance & thrilling adventure sports opportunity. All these mountains offer a magnificently rejuvenating respite from the exhausting heat that covers the majority of India during the month of April and May. There are some of the highest mountains in India. These ranges of tallest and gallant mountains come with some of the most attractive sceneries and ecosystems in the world.


1)                KANGCHENJUNGA:-  Kangchenjunga,  also spelled “Kanchenjunga” is the third highest mountain in the world and one of the highest mountains in India. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m in a   section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal delimited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak the Chu and Jong sang La, and in the east by Teesta river. it lies between India and Nepal with three of the five peaks, namely main, central, and south, directly on the border, and the peak west and kangbachen in Nepal Taplejung district. The Kanchenjunga  Massif is in the form of a gigantic cross, the arm of which extends north, south, east, and west.


 Kangchenjunga   from Pelling, Sikkim, India


               HIGHEST POINT

Elevation                    8,586 m (28,169 fit) Rank 3rd

Prominence              3,922 m (12,867 fit) Rank 29th             

Isolation                        124 km (77 mi)

Listing            eight – thousand seven Third summits

                         Highest  Mountain  in India,

                              ultra prominent peak

Coordinates          27◦42’09” N88◦08” E2

Location      Taplejung District, Nepal, Sikkim, India

First ascent            25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and             

                                      George On  British 

                                   Kangchenjunga  expedition

                            ( first winter ascent 11 January

                                1986  By Jerzy kukuczka and 

                              Krzysztof  Wielicki )

Easiest  route             glacier / snow/ ice/ climb


Until  1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations based on various readings of measurements made by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1849 came to the conclusion the mount Everest, Known as peak xv at the time was the highest. Allowing for further verification of all calculations, it was officially announced in 1856 the Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.


2)        NANDA DEVI:- Nanda Devi is the second-highest mountain in India after Kangchenjunga and the highest located entirely within the country. ( Kangchenjunga, which is higher, is on the border of India and Nepal .) It is the 23rd highest peak in the world.  It was considered the highest mountain in the world before computations in 1808 proved Dhaulagiri to be higher. it was also the mountain in India until 1975 when Sikkim, an independent kingdom until 1948, and the protectorate of India thereafter became a part of the Republic of India. it is located in Chamoli Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east. The peak, whose name is “bliss–giving goddess “ is regarded as the patron goddess of the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas. 

                            Highest  point

Elevation                7,816 m  (25,643 fit ) ranked 3rd

Prominence           3, 139 m ( 10,299 fits) ranked 74th

Isolation                    389 km ( 242 mi)

Listing               ultra list of Indian states & territories    

                                      By  Highest point

Coordinates        30◦22’33’’N 79◦58’15E

Location Chamoli, Uttarakhand, India

Parent range           Garhwal Himalaya


3)        KAMET PEAK:- Kamet peak is the second highest mountain in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand and the third highest mountain in India. It lies in the Chamoli  District of Uttarakhand. its appearance resembles a giant pyramid topped by a flat summit area with two peaks.

 Kamet   and Indian  peak  in 1908, British mountain Charles Granville Bruce

                     Highest  point

Elevation 7, 756 m (25446fit)

Prominence        2,825 m ( 9,268 ft ) ranked 121st

Isolation                      70 km ( 43 mi )

Listing          ultra  mountains of Uttarakhand,

                        3rd highest  mountain  in  India   


Coordinates                   30◦55’12’’N79◦35’30’’E

   Location                        Uttarakhand, India

First ascent             21 June 1931 by frank Smythe,

                                        Eric  Shipton, R.L. Holdsworth  


Easiest route                      Glacier /snow/ice climb


4)          SALTORO  KANGRI PEAK:- Saltoro Kangri is the highest peak of Saltoro mountains sub-range of Karakoram range, also known as Saltoro range, which is part of the Karakoram. It is the fourth highest mountain in India. Saltoro Kangri is generally used for the twin peaks, the Saltoro Kangri ||, connected by a saddle. while comparing the height the generic term Saltoro Kangri 1, which is the 31st highest mountain in the world in remote reaches of Karakoram. It is located on the actual ground position line between Indian-controlled territory in the Siachen region and Pakistan-controlled territory west of the Saltoro Range.

              Saltoro Kangri

            Highest   point

Elevation                7,742 m (25,400 ft ) ranked 31st

Prominence               2,160  m (7,090 ft )

Listing                             ultra

Coordinates           35◦23’57.6’’N



Length                         80km (50 mi )

parent range            Saltoro  mountains, Karakoram

 first  ascent                24 July 1962 by Y, Takamura,

                                      Saito, capt. Bashir

 Easiest route                 rock/ snow/  ice climb.



5)         Saser  Kangri:-

Saser Kangri is the 5th highest mountain in India.  It is the highest peak in the Saser Muztagh, the easternmost sub-range of the Karakoram range. Saser Kangri is located within Ladakh, the northernmost union territory in India.

                           Saser  Kangri

                      Highest  point

Elevation                      7,672 m (25,171 ft ) ranked 35th

Prominence                   2,304 m  ( 7,559 ft )

Listing                 ultra, 5th highest mountain in India

Coordinates                 34◦51’54’’N 77◦45’09’’E

English translation         yellow  Snow Mountain

Language of name                   Ladakhi

 Location                Ladakh, India, an area claimed by     

                                Both  China  and Pakistan

Parent range            Saser  Muztagh,  karakoram

First ascent             5 June  1973 by Dawa Norbu, Da

                            Tenzing , nima Tenzing , Thondup

Easiest  route snow/ice climb


6)        MAMOSTONG KANGRI surveyed as k35, Mamostong Kangri or Mamostong Kangri is the highest peak in the remote Rimo Muztagh, a sub-range of the Karakoram range in Ladakh union territory of India near its border with China. It is located about 30km east –southeast of the snout of the Siachen glacier.

                Mamostong  Kangri


It is the 48th highest independent peak in the world whereas the 6th highest mountain in India. Mamostong Kangri has not been seen a great deal of visitation due to its remote location and the unsettled political and military situation in the region.



                      Highest  point

Elevation               7, 516 m (24,659 ft ) ranked 48th

Prominence                  1,803 m (5,915 ft )

Listing                                     ultra

Coordinates                      35◦08’27’’N77◦34 ‘39’’E

Location                                 Ladakh , India

Parent range                  Rimo Muztagh , karakoram

 First ascent                    September 13, 1984, by an 

                                           Indo - Japanese expedition


7)         Rimo peak:- Rimo peak is the 7th highest mountain in India whereas 71st world highest peak. It is the main summit of the Rimo massif with an elevation of 7,385 meters (24,229 ft). It is located about 20 km northeast of the south of the Siachen Glacier. It lies in the northern part of the Rimo Muztagh a sub-range of the Karakoram range. The Rimo Glacier, originating here, drains to the shyok river.


                         Rimo peak

               Highest  point

Elevation                     7,385 m (24,229 ft ) ranked 71st

Prominence                     1,438 m ( 4,718 ft )

Coordinates                  35◦21’21’’N77◦22’05’’E

Location               Siachen area of Ladakh, controlled by

                                      India  claimed  by Pakistan

Parent  range              Rimo  Muztagh,  karakoram

First  ascent                  July  28, 1988, by Nima Dorje

                                         Tsewang Samanla (India)

                               Yoshio Ogata, Hideki Yoshida (Japan)

Easiest  route                   south  face/ southwest ridge



8)        Hardeol peak:- Hardeol or ‘ Temple of God ’ is one of the major peaks of the Kumaon Himalaya. it is the 8th highest mountain in India and peaks on the northern side of the ring of peaks guarding the Nanda Devi sanctuary and lies at the northeast corner of this ring. it is situated at the northern end of the Milam valley, in the Pithoragarh District of Uttarakhand, India. Hardeol is also known as Trishuli south.

                             Hardeol  peak

                           Highest  point

Elevation                            7,151 m (23,461 ft )

Prominence                       1,300 m (4300 ft )

Coordinates                        30◦33’36’’N 80◦00’36’’E

Location                        Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India

Parent range                    Kumaon  Himalaya

First ascent                          31 May 1978 by indo-

                                      Tibetan Border police expedition


9)        Chaukhamba peak

      Chaukhamba is a mountain massif in the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalaya. Its main summit, Chaukhamba is the highest peak in the group. It lies at the head of the Gangotri Glacier and forms the eastern anchor of the group.

 the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, west of the Hindu holy town of Badrinath. It is the 9th highest mountain in India. Chaukhamba has four summits, along northeast and southwest trending ridge, and ranging in elevation from 7,138 meters (23,419 ft ) to,854m (22,487 ft ) with an average elevation of 7,014m, the main summit is at the northeast end.

        Chaukhamba   peak  as  seen from Deoria Tal/ Lake in   Chandra Shila  peak

                     Highest point

Elevation                             7, 138 m (23,419 ft)

Prominence                        1,594 m (5,230 ft )

Listing                            30◦44’’59◦N79◦17’28◦E

Location                                 Uttarakhand, India

Parent range            Gangotri group, Garhwal Himalaya

First ascent             13 June 1952, by Lucien George

                            And  victor  Russenberger


10) Trishul peak:- Trishul is a group of three Himalayan mountain peaks of western kumaun, with the highest (Trishul 1 reaching 7120m. The three peaks resemble a trident – Hindi / Sanskrit, Trishula, the trident is the weapon of Shiva. The Trishul group forms the southwest corner of the ring of peak enclosing the Nanda Devi sanctuary, about 15km (9mi) west –southwest of Nanda Devi itself. The main peak, Trishul was the first peak over 7,000m (22,970 ft ) to have ever been climbed in 1907.

                   Highest point

Elevation                        7,120 m (23,360 ft )

Prominence                    1,616 m (5,302 ft)

Listing                                      ultra

Coordinates                   30◦18’46’’N 79◦46’38’’E

Location                        Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India

Parent range                    kumaun     Himalaya

 first ascent 12 June 1907 by Tom Longstaff,

H. Brocherel, Kabir











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