TOP MOUNTAIN RANGES IN INDIA:-
The mountains of India play a key role in forming the ecosystem of the country. The magical mountains of India denoted as the abodes of the goods are famous with tourists due to the fresh air, religious significance & thrilling adventure sports opportunity. All these mountains offer a magnificently rejuvenating respite from the exhausting heat that covers the majority of India during the month of April and May. There are some of the highest mountains in India. These ranges of tallest and gallant mountains come with some of the most attractive sceneries and ecosystems in the world.
LIST OF TOP 10 HIGHEST MOUNTAINS IN INDIA TO VISIT IN 2021:-
1) KANGCHENJUNGA:- Kangchenjunga, also spelled “Kanchenjunga” is the third highest mountain in the world and one of the highest mountains in India. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal delimited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak the Chu and Jong sang La, and in the east by Teesta river. it lies between India and Nepal with three of the five peaks, namely main, central, and south, directly on the border, and the peak west and kangbachen in Nepal Taplejung district. The Kanchenjunga Massif is in the form of a gigantic cross, the arm of which extends north, south, east, and west.
Kangchenjunga from Pelling, Sikkim, India
Elevation 8,586 m (28,169 fit) Rank 3rd
Prominence 3,922 m (12,867 fit) Rank 29th
Isolation 124 km (77 mi)
Listing eight – thousand seven Third summits
Highest Mountain in India,
ultra prominent peak
Coordinates 27◦42’09” N88◦08” E2
Location Taplejung District, Nepal, Sikkim, India
First ascent 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and
George On British
( first winter ascent 11 January
1986 By Jerzy kukuczka and
Krzysztof Wielicki )
Easiest route glacier / snow/ ice/ climb
Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations based on various readings of measurements made by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1849 came to the conclusion the mount Everest, Known as peak xv at the time was the highest. Allowing for further verification of all calculations, it was officially announced in 1856 the Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.
2) NANDA DEVI:- Nanda Devi is the second-highest mountain in India after Kangchenjunga and the highest located entirely within the country. ( Kangchenjunga, which is higher, is on the border of India and Nepal .) It is the 23rd highest peak in the world. It was considered the highest mountain in the world before computations in 1808 proved Dhaulagiri to be higher. it was also the mountain in India until 1975 when Sikkim, an independent kingdom until 1948, and the protectorate of India thereafter became a part of the Republic of India. it is located in Chamoli Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east. The peak, whose name is “bliss–giving goddess “ is regarded as the patron goddess of the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas.
Elevation 7,816 m (25,643 fit ) ranked 3rd
Prominence 3, 139 m ( 10,299 fits) ranked 74th
Isolation 389 km ( 242 mi)
Listing ultra list of Indian states & territories
By Highest point
Coordinates 30◦22’33’’N 79◦58’15E
Location Chamoli, Uttarakhand, India
Parent range Garhwal Himalaya
3) KAMET PEAK:- Kamet peak is the second highest mountain in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand and the third highest mountain in India. It lies in the Chamoli District of Uttarakhand. its appearance resembles a giant pyramid topped by a flat summit area with two peaks.
Kamet and Indian peak in 1908, British mountain Charles Granville Bruce
Elevation 7, 756 m (25446fit)
Prominence 2,825 m ( 9,268 ft ) ranked 121st
Isolation 70 km ( 43 mi )
Listing ultra mountains of Uttarakhand,
3rd highest mountain in India
Location Uttarakhand, India
First ascent 21 June 1931 by frank Smythe,
Eric Shipton, R.L. Holdsworth
Easiest route Glacier /snow/ice climb
4) SALTORO KANGRI PEAK:- Saltoro Kangri is the highest peak of Saltoro mountains sub-range of Karakoram range, also known as Saltoro range, which is part of the Karakoram. It is the fourth highest mountain in India. Saltoro Kangri is generally used for the twin peaks, the Saltoro Kangri ||, connected by a saddle. while comparing the height the generic term Saltoro Kangri 1, which is the 31st highest mountain in the world in remote reaches of Karakoram. It is located on the actual ground position line between Indian-controlled territory in the Siachen region and Pakistan-controlled territory west of the Saltoro Range.
Elevation 7,742 m (25,400 ft ) ranked 31st
Prominence 2,160 m (7,090 ft )
Length 80km (50 mi )
parent range Saltoro mountains, Karakoram
first ascent 24 July 1962 by Y, Takamura,
Saito, capt. Bashir
Easiest route rock/ snow/ ice climb.
5) Saser Kangri:-
Saser Kangri is the 5th highest mountain in India. It is the highest peak in the Saser Muztagh, the easternmost sub-range of the Karakoram range. Saser Kangri is located within Ladakh, the northernmost union territory in India.
Elevation 7,672 m (25,171 ft ) ranked 35th
Prominence 2,304 m ( 7,559 ft )
Listing ultra, 5th highest mountain in India
Coordinates 34◦51’54’’N 77◦45’09’’E
English translation yellow Snow Mountain
Language of name Ladakhi
Location Ladakh, India, an area claimed by
Both China and Pakistan
Parent range Saser Muztagh, karakoram
First ascent 5 June 1973 by Dawa Norbu, Da
Tenzing , nima Tenzing , Thondup
Easiest route snow/ice climb
6) MAMOSTONG KANGRI surveyed as k35, Mamostong Kangri or Mamostong Kangri is the highest peak in the remote Rimo Muztagh, a sub-range of the Karakoram range in Ladakh union territory of India near its border with China. It is located about 30km east –southeast of the snout of the Siachen glacier.
It is the 48th highest independent peak in the world whereas the 6th highest mountain in India. Mamostong Kangri has not been seen a great deal of visitation due to its remote location and the unsettled political and military situation in the region.
Elevation 7, 516 m (24,659 ft ) ranked 48th
Prominence 1,803 m (5,915 ft )
Coordinates 35◦08’27’’N77◦34 ‘39’’E
Location Ladakh , India
Parent range Rimo Muztagh , karakoram
First ascent September 13, 1984, by an
Indo - Japanese expedition
7) Rimo peak:- Rimo peak is the 7th highest mountain in India whereas 71st world highest peak. It is the main summit of the Rimo massif with an elevation of 7,385 meters (24,229 ft). It is located about 20 km northeast of the south of the Siachen Glacier. It lies in the northern part of the Rimo Muztagh a sub-range of the Karakoram range. The Rimo Glacier, originating here, drains to the shyok river.
Elevation 7,385 m (24,229 ft ) ranked 71st
Prominence 1,438 m ( 4,718 ft )
Location Siachen area of Ladakh, controlled by
India claimed by Pakistan
Parent range Rimo Muztagh, karakoram
First ascent July 28, 1988, by Nima Dorje
Tsewang Samanla (India)
Yoshio Ogata, Hideki Yoshida (Japan)
Easiest route south face/ southwest ridge
8) Hardeol peak:- Hardeol or ‘ Temple of God ’ is one of the major peaks of the Kumaon Himalaya. it is the 8th highest mountain in India and peaks on the northern side of the ring of peaks guarding the Nanda Devi sanctuary and lies at the northeast corner of this ring. it is situated at the northern end of the Milam valley, in the Pithoragarh District of Uttarakhand, India. Hardeol is also known as Trishuli south.
Elevation 7,151 m (23,461 ft )
Prominence 1,300 m (4300 ft )
Coordinates 30◦33’36’’N 80◦00’36’’E
Location Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India
Parent range Kumaon Himalaya
First ascent 31 May 1978 by indo-
Tibetan Border police expedition
9) Chaukhamba peak
Chaukhamba is a mountain massif in the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalaya. Its main summit, Chaukhamba is the highest peak in the group. It lies at the head of the Gangotri Glacier and forms the eastern anchor of the group.
the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, west of the Hindu holy town of Badrinath. It is the 9th highest mountain in India. Chaukhamba has four summits, along northeast and southwest trending ridge, and ranging in elevation from 7,138 meters (23,419 ft ) to,854m (22,487 ft ) with an average elevation of 7,014m, the main summit is at the northeast end.
Chaukhamba peak as seen from Deoria Tal/ Lake in Chandra Shila peak
Elevation 7, 138 m (23,419 ft)
Prominence 1,594 m (5,230 ft )
Location Uttarakhand, India
Parent range Gangotri group, Garhwal Himalaya
First ascent 13 June 1952, by Lucien George
And victor Russenberger
10) Trishul peak:- Trishul is a group of three Himalayan mountain peaks of western kumaun, with the highest (Trishul 1 reaching 7120m. The three peaks resemble a trident – Hindi / Sanskrit, Trishula, the trident is the weapon of Shiva. The Trishul group forms the southwest corner of the ring of peak enclosing the Nanda Devi sanctuary, about 15km (9mi) west –southwest of Nanda Devi itself. The main peak, Trishul was the first peak over 7,000m (22,970 ft ) to have ever been climbed in 1907.
Elevation 7,120 m (23,360 ft )
Prominence 1,616 m (5,302 ft)
Coordinates 30◦18’46’’N 79◦46’38’’E
Location Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India
Parent range kumaun Himalaya
first ascent 12 June 1907 by Tom Longstaff,
H. Brocherel, Kabir